Statistics of Road Traffic Accident Deaths in Kenya

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Every year between 3,000 and 13, 000 lose their lives in road traffic accidents in Kenya. The majority of these people are vulnerable road users-pedestrians, motorcyclists and cyclists. One third of deaths are among passengers, many of whom are killed in unsafe forms of public transportation.

Of 200 road traffic accidents in Kenya, 98% were male, with average of 28.4 years of these drivers, 33% were not wearing any protective equipment. Negligence was the most reported cause of crash (33%) followed by slippery roads (21.0%) and speeding (17.5%).

The risk of sustaining a bodily injury was 1.3 times higher in drivers who had not received such education. People injured at night were 5 times more likely to sustain a bodily injury compared to those injured during the day. Only 8.5% of the drivers reported the injury incident to the police.

In 2010, according to the Kenya Traffic Police Department, there were 3,055 road traffic accidents related deaths in Kenya. 54 school children were killed, 165 seriously injured and 49 sustained minor injuries in the year 2012 around Thika town. All these children were knocked down by motorists and cyclists while crossing roads to and from school.

In 2013 the NISA reported that 13,028 people were involved in road crashes. The social and economic costs to the country are huge. About 62% of the incidents in Kenya occurred among the vulnerable road users including pedestrians, cyclists and 2 or 3 wheeler drivers.

The increase in use of motorized 2 or 3 wheelers as forms of transport have been attributed to their accessibility, affordability and an unregulated market in developing countries including Kenya.

528 drivers agreed to participate in a study. Of these, total of 200 drivers met and were introduced. Their average age was 28.4 years with people aged 18 to 24 years and 25 to 31 accounting for 29% and 47 of those injured respectively of these 200 drivers, 98% were male, 29% were female giving a ratio of 49.1 respectively.

Of the 200 respondents, majority 123 (61.5%) sustained an injury while riding a motorcycle followed by bicycle riders 71 (35.5%). Most crashes 64 (34.0%) occurred during daytime. The study found that people injured in the night were 5 times more likely to sustain a bodily injury compared to daytime.

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